bloodsucking insects that feed on you and your animal’s
blood. The first time you might notice fleas is when
they bite you and your family. The bites show up as
small, red, itchy bumps on the ankles and lower legs.
Fleas will infest your home year round, but are more
of a problem in warm weather. Fleas can live from
18 days to one year and can survive without a meal
for four months. Eggs are laid when the female flea
starts feeding on the blood of your animal. These
eggs fall into your carpet, furniture, etc. Some fleas
carry tapeworm larvae, which can also infect your
Prevention and Treatment
• Keep your dog and cat away from unfamiliar
animals, especially wild animals.
• Vacuum and clean the carpet, furniture and
your animal’s bedding repeatedly to remove fleas
• All other animals in the home must also be
treated for fleas.
• Fleas on your animal can be controlled with
many different treatments available from your vet.
• Ask your vet or a pest control company for
the best way to treat your home and yard for fleas
and let him know you'd like environmentally friendly
• Excessive biting, scratching and rubbing.
• Small but visible brownish-black bugs. These
are the fleas and they move fast, so make a thorough
• Multiple skin irritations caused by the flea
• Noticeable “flea dirts”; these
are the small black feces of the flea.
To Test For Fleas
• Moisten a sheet of white paper and hold it
under your animal.
• Briskly comb the fur. Any “flea dirt”
which falls onto the paper will produce a visible
red blood stain.